Indonesia submitted Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat prior to COP-21. Under Decision 1/CP. 21, Party who has submitted its INDC before joining the Paris Agreement shall be considered to have communicated its 1st NDC unless the Party decides otherwise. Indonesia decided to strengthen its INDC by enhancing clarity, transparency, and understanding both for national and international interests, and submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat the NDC document prior to COP-22.
The NDC reflects the progression beyond the earlier pledge in INDC in terms of: (a) the national Business as Usual (BAU) scenario used – BAU of NDC is slightly lower than BAU of INDC (from 2.881 GtCO2ein INDC to 2.869 GtCO2e in NDC), and (b) clarity of sectoral BAU and emission reduction target allocation, and assumption used for BAU projection and target allocation. The NDC has set an ambitious mitigation target for forest and land use and energy sectors which account for about 97% of the total national commitment.
The updated NDC reflects the progression beyond the existing NDC particularly in the following standpoints:
- Enhanced ambition on adaptation as elaborated in the programmes, strategies and actions to achieve economic, social and livelihood, and ecosystem and landscape resilience, as depicted in Annex 2.
- Enhanced clarity on mitigation by adopting the Paris Agreement rule book (Katowice Package) on information to be provided in NDC, as well as updated policies which potentially contribute to additional achievement of NDC target.
- National context that relates the existing condition, milestones along with national development for the period of 2020-2024, and indicative pathways towards long-term vision (Visi Indonesia 2045 and the Long-Term Strategy on Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Development 2050).
- Translating the Paris Agreement Rule Book (Katowice Package) into Indonesia’s context with a view to enhance effectiveness and efficiency in implementing the agreement and in communicating its progress and achievement as part of the responsibility of the party to the agreement. This includes elaborated chapters on transparency framework at the national level (National Registry System as the backbone of transparency framework), and means of implementation (finance, technology development and transfer, and capacity building).