Research briefs

New research indicates the cooling effect of rare, large eruptions will increase, whereas the effects of more frequent, smaller eruptions will be reduced.
Drilling deep into the Greenland ice sheet, researchers reconstructed the jet stream's tumultuous past and found that climate-caused disruptions are likely to have drastic weather-related consequences for societies on both sides of the Atlantic.
In brief, Risk Rating 2.0 moves the NFIP away from its heavy reliance on in-or-out flood zones, in particular in-or-out of the so-called “100-year floodplain,” and towards an individual assessment of risk for each property.
Although policymakers acknowledge the importance of local knowledge in disaster risk reduction, implemented strategies may leave locals feeling ignored.
Farmers who want to increase the productivity and economic performance of their farmed potholes should consider more flood-tolerant crops, says new study.
The coast of an atoll, with palm trees on a sandy beach
A recent study suggests that hugely disruptive and potentially life-threatening extreme weather events may actually be required for the long-term survival of atoll islands and their communities.
Burned mobile home park in Phoenix Talent Medford, Oregon (2020)
A deep learning approach to classifying buildings with wildfire damage may help responders focus their recovery efforts and offer more immediate information to displaced residents.
Two African women weeding a salad plantation in a West African farming village
Warfare exacerbates the impacts of drought to produce food insecurity crises that last long after the drought has passed, new research documents.
Eruption of the Tungurahua volcano above the city of Ambato, Equador (2016)
Volcanologists have historically focused on the risks of large-scale eruptions, but new research highlights how small eruptions can combine with human-made vulnerabilities to cause catastrophic impacts.
Wei Zhang used GIS and statistical data to construct a novel model of tsunami damage in Fairfield, CT. The model can easily transfer to other storm types and communities.